(Sp. model spelled same [aðóβe] < Arabic at-tub 'the brick')
   DARE: 1759.
   1) Sundried brick made of clay, straw, and water.
   2) A structure, usually a house, made from the same material.
   3) Clay suitable for fashioning such bricks.
   The first definition is attested to in the DRAE; Santamaría confirms the usage of the second in the Southwest, providing the example "She lived in her old adobe," also noting that the lot or grounds on which such a structure was to be built could be referred to as "an adobe sole." (Sole, according to the OED, is an obsolete term meaning "the foundation of a building; the site of a city, etc.") Spanish architecture was also greatly influenced by the Moors who introduced styles and materials now intimately associated with the Southwest.
   4) As an adjective, several English sources note that the term denotes Mexican origin and usually connotes inferiority. For instance, the Mexican dollar or silver peso was called a "dobie dollar," or "dobie," for short. Cowboys were familiar with adobe as building material on the ranches and haciendas where they worked. Cowboy English is the source of the expression dobe wall listed below, according to Bentley, Adams, and Watts.
   5) Hendrickson's contention that adobe is the model for doughboy (military personnel) is not supported by any of the sources consulted. See the OED for possible etymologies. Doughboy is attested, however, by the OED as slang for (1). Common compounds: adobe brick, adobe block, adobe house.
   Alternate forms: adabe, adaube, adaubi, adobey, adobi, adobie, adoby, 'dobe, 'dobie, dob, doba, dobbey, dobby, dobie, doby, dogie, doughboy.

Cowboy Talk. A Dictionary of Spanish Terms. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • adobe — [ adɔb ] n. m. • 1868; mot esp. ♦ Brique d argile non cuite, obtenue par simple séchage au soleil. ● adobe nom masculin (espagnol adobe, de l arabe) Brique rudimentaire de terre mêlée de paille, séchée au soleil. adobe n. m. Brique crue séchée au …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adobe — A*do be ([.a]*d[=o] b[asl]), n. [Sp.] 1. An unburnt brick dried in the sun; also used as an adjective, as, an adobe house, in Texas or New Mexico. [1913 Webster] 2. Earth from which unburnt bricks are made. [Western U. S.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 3 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adobe — (n.) 1739, American English, from Sp. adobe, from oral form of Arabic al tob the brick, from Coptic tube brick, a word found in hieroglyphics …   Etymology dictionary

  • adobe — ☆ adobe [ə dō′bē ] n. [Sp < Ar aṭ ṭūba, the brick < al, the + Coptic tōbe, brick] 1. unburnt, sun dried brick 2. the clay of which such brick is made 3. a building made of adobe, esp. in the Southwest …   English World dictionary

  • adobe — |ô| s. m. 1. Tijolo cru. 2. Seixo liso dos rios. • Sinônimo geral: ADOBO …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • adobe — sustantivo masculino 1. Uso/registro: restringido. Masa de barro moldeada en forma de ladrillo que, sin cocer, secada al sol, se utilizaba en la construcción popular. Frases y locuciones 1. hacer adobes con la cabeza Uso/registro: rest …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • adobe — (Del ár. hisp. aṭṭúb, este del ár. clás. ṭūb, y este del egipcio ḏbt). 1. m. Masa de barro mezclado a veces con paja, moldeada en forma de ladrillo y secada al aire, que se emplea en la construcción de paredes o muros. 2. (Porque a menudo los… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • adobe — ► NOUN ▪ a kind of clay used to make sun dried bricks. ORIGIN from Spanish adobar to plaster , from an Arabic word meaning «bricks» …   English terms dictionary

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